When you need to jack your car up to change a tire, it may not always be under ideal conditions. Regardless of whether you're on the side of a highway or in the relative comfort of your own garage, the process of lifting a vehicle weighing thousands of pounds entails some risk. By following a few simple procedures, you can minimize any hazards to yourself and your vehicle.Know Your JackMost vehicles come equipped with a small scissor jack. This jack will be functional enough for an emergency tire-change on the roadside. Before youre in an emergency situation, familiarize yourself with your specific jack and how it works.Secure the AreaWhen possible, ensure that vehicle is parked on a level surface. Make sure that the car is secure. The emergency brake should be firmly set. Vehicles with automatic transmissions should be in park, while ones with manual transmissions should be left in gear. Wedge bricks or blocks to the front and back of the tire on a diagonal from the tire to be lifted.Pick Your BattlegroundDetermine an appropriate place to set the jack. A common novice mistake is to set the jack under a bumper or body panel. These areas aren't designed to hold the weight of the entire car; they can break under the strain and allow the car to fall. The jack must go under the vehicle's frame, otherwise known as the chassis. Most cars are designed with a specific location for jack placement. When in doubt, check your owner's manual.Keep it SteadyMake sure that the jack is placed on a stable, even surface. If the ground is rough or covered with gravel, place a broad, sturdy board underneath the jack. This is especially important with small, factory-provided tire jacks, which may very have narrow bases.Proceed with CautionCrank the jack up slowly. Although you may be in a hurry, take your time. Be careful to not have any part of your body underneath the car, so as not to be injured if the vehicle should fall. Once the car is lifted enough for the tire to clear the ground, push on it a bit to verify its stability on the jack.Lower the VehicleNow that the tire has been changed, bring the car back down just as you jacked it up: slowly and with care. Once again, no part of your body (or anyone else's) should be underneath the vehicle. If there are other people present or assisting, have them step back away from the car and out of the way. Finally, remove the blocks from the chocked wheel.By working at an even pace and using common sense, you should be able to raise a vehicle, change its tire, and lower it again safely. Keep in mind that these instructions only apply to lift a car to change a tire, not to any kind of repair work that requires you to get underneath the car; for that, further precautions will be necessary.
For decades new car buyers have complained that their fuel economy has not measured up to the EPA estimates on the window sticker. Since the EPA began providing mileage estimates in the 1970s, it has been known that the testing methods were not reflective of real world driving conditions and are more effective in comparing mileage between different models than determining actual fuel economy.Although changes have been made to this fuel economy estimating system several times since the 70s, new tests and formula for determining mileage and, as well as new window stickers, will be phased in with the 2008 model year, and new testing procedures will be mandatory by 2011.It is speculated that the estimated mileage appearing on window stickers will be reduced in most models, but that these figures will more closely match the real world mileage of the vehicle. For drivers practicing good driving habits and maintenance, they may be able to get fuel economy that is higher than estimated.Current fuel mileage tests are done with vehicles on a treadmill-like device designed to simulate real driving. However, these tests are done in moderate temperatures without any accessories running, such as air conditioning. The highway test is far outdated, with the top speed only being 60 mph, and an average speed of 48 mph. The city driving test simulates 7.5 miles of driving at an average of 20 mph with 18 stops.The new fuel economy testing procedures will take into account and replicate three common scenarios that can significantly lower fuel economy, such as hard acceleration, cold temperature operation, and the use of air conditioning. Although some of these tests are done currently, they are used to determine emissions figures, but the data is factored into mileage estimates. For the 2008 model year, the EPA is simply using a different formula in an attempt to make mileage estimates more accurate.It is expected that the new estimation formula and new testing procedures will lower fuel economy ratings by 10-30% across the board. The vehicles whose mileage ratings will see the biggest reduction are likely to be ones that are adversely affected by heavy demand on the engine from hard acceleration, air conditioning, and cold temperatures, such as high mileage cars.Many environmentalists are disappointed that hybrids are expected to be among the vehicles with the biggest drop in estimated mileage. Some say this may have a negative impact on the hybrid market, but every vehicle will have the same actual fuel economy. The only difference is a more realistic mileage estimate.While some fear this will cause consumers to neglect hybrid cars, many analysts and industry insiders see the new formula and tests in a positive light. Dave Alexander, a senior analyst at ABI Research, said, "There is potential in the long run for better customer satisfaction." This is because a car whose window sticker says 30 mpg will be able to produce that mileage at 70 mph with the air conditioning on, in real driving conditions, instead of at a top speed of 60 mph with no accessories in a climate controlled setting.Instead of turning consumers away from hybrids, more accurate mileage estimates may allow consumers to purchase vehicles that are actually more fuel efficient instead of continuing to be dissatisfied with lower than expected mileage.
Buying a motorcycle is not that different from buying a car. Prospective buyers need to first check the models that are available in the market and then select the one that is most appropriate to their needs and of course to their budget. But focusing too much on the features can actually make one forget to buy one thing that is really essential when purchasing a motorcycle the helmet.Motorcycle helmets are so important and vital to ones safety that state laws have actually required people to wear them while riding the bike. There are many types to choose from. But whatever the designs or the materials, the person should check the helmet for safety and comfort before buying it and cruising down the highway on the motorbike.People will notice that most of the headgears sold come in bright colors such as white, red, yellow and orange. The reason for this is to warn other drivers, who are yards away. Bright colors are more visible especially at night.Some people, however, feel that bright colors are not enough for the safety of the biker. The number of accidents has actually gone up by 12 percent compared to last years in a report given by the Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute. The only way to prevent the numbers from further going up is to provide added protection, perhaps in terms of blinking lights, spray paints and even glittering stickers.Most people put reflective stickers on the side and back of the helmet. Others spray paint this with a certain design. Since the cost for both is almost the same, the person can try having both after choosing the right graphics.Lightning bolt, reflective eagle, checker flag and halo are just some of the hundreds of graphics that can be placed on the helmet. These are usually one or three inches long going from one side of the headgear to the next. The individual will not have a hard time looking for an auto detailing shop that offer these services. Some can be found around the neighborhood while others over the Internet.The individual should however look at the catalog before making any decision. The price for the graphics may go from $4 to $8 a piece. This will depend on how complex the design is especially if it is custom-made. It is advisable then to compare the prices offered because it is possible that one dealer will give this at a more affordable rate with an added freebie.When a graphic design is chosen, the person will have to leave the helmet with the manufacturer. Some even ship it back. The helmets will then be returned in a few days.People will notice the difference between a plain and colored helmet and one that has graphics on it. For as long as people ride motorcycles, there will always be a market for those who want something different on their helmet.
British car auctions are the largest in Europe; nobody gives the customers more choice of cars; the cars are coming from fleet and leasing companies, direct from the manufacturers, or dealer groups. Poole "car auctions" offer heavy commercials, caravans and motor homes, vans and cars. Customers can find also motorcycles. Poole car auctions offer a huge range of vehicle sales and used cars auctions; the stock locator software can find any car being offered, by model, mark, registration plate. Mileage is also a criterion, as well as the gearbox type, number of doors, engine size or fuel type.Poole car auction website lets the client view car auction catalogues, by location, mark, fuel type or model. The prices are daily updated, giving a useful guide to the real market value of cars at Poole car auction.Buying and selling cars at Poole car auctionIf someone is looking to buy cars, Poole car auction must be the first choice; it is simple to search for cars online and then buy at physical Poole car auction. The software makes the research easy, the navigation menu is intuitive and the customer services are always ready for more information.Poole car auction state of the art website is making possible a simple research to find real time buyer for almost any car. Auto dealers and auto wholesalers can easily obtain as many cars as they need, for business. Online buyers are ready to find their vehicles today. The auctioneers and their staff are dedicated to serve the buyers and sellers needs, with commitment and professionalism.Poole car auction is allowing any buyer car to place a free request; all car sellers begin to compete in a reverse auction online until the best price is established. Any car buyer or seller can register as a car auction partner. To sell a car, registered salesperson can view all available requests and provide his quotes to the buyer. Poole car auction website works as a reverse auction, where salespersons have to provide the most competitive prices to sell. There are also other factors to characterize a request, such as car condition, option, mileage, fuel and model.To bid on any car from the Poole car auction catalogue, the buyer must only click on the corresponding button and he will have a daily updated list, for excellent condition cars at significant low prices.Poole car auction specialists will make easier to purchase cars at a good price. Providers from all over the world are able to make offers for vehicle globally appreciated for their qualities. The entire process to sell or buy a car from Poole car auction is an enjoyable experience. Poole car auction is to become one of the best free online car auction web sites. Poole car auction events attract the crowds and best prices for the sellers and buyers, in a fair and honest way.
A family of six going on a trip to a resort about two hundred kilometers away from home will either take the bus, if one's available, or take the family van and gobble up around 20 liters in diesoline. Imagine the pollutants that family van emits!Not anymore. These days, that same family can bring a hybrid van that is not only safe, but more so, cleaner and healthier, both for the environment and the passengers. Capitalizing on the practicality of combining gasoline and electricity in hybrid technology, "hybrid van" s can offer other features that will definitely be a come-on for the environmentall-conscious.What does a Hybrid Van have to Offer?Before making that decision to go for a hybrid van for your family or office, let us take a look first at what these vans of today and of the future have to offer.Take a Toyota Estima Hybrid Van for example. It combines a four-cylinder engine with two electric motors. The electric motors are placed one in front and one at the rear of the vehicle, making a four-wheel drive arrangement. Without the complex transmission shafts and all of a four-wheel drive, the hybrid is lighter, thus more fuel or electric efficient.Improving on the designs and features of the heretofore Grandias and Hi-Aces, Estima Hybrids bring a new meaning to sleek and environment-friendly. A handsome van, this hybrid takes into consideration the mobility needs of families and even office groups or sports teams of all ages and abilities, while also ensuring that high mobility does not take its toll in the environment.Hybrid vans may run on combination fuel-electricity technology or on purely-electric mode depending on the batteries' charge. And running on batteries mean no more carbon dioxide emissions. No toxic substances are released to the atmosphere, not to mention to the van's interiors. One is assured that one's kids do not inhale any dangerous amount of carbons in and out of a hybrid van.Hybrid vans also incorporate smart features like humidity monitors for air conditioners, and this reduces the use of the air-con whenever possible. This only translates into fuel and battery-life economy.Why Go for a Hybrid Van?Traveling with your family or your friends and officemates, you want the trip to be as safe as possible, of course. Hybrid vans incorporate safety features, standard and state-of the art, to eliminate traffic accidents and injuries or fatalities to passengers. While seatbelts and air bags are standard issues, "hybrid vans" are going for radar-based features that ensure no crash accidents happen. Simplicity amounts to safety, too. With electric motors, complicated and oftentimes heavy mechanicals are done away with. With lighter vehicles, stability and balance is better maintained.And then again, you want to contribute to the global drive to protect and preserve the environment, even while going on that family vacation. Hybrid vans are a great contribution to the effort, as they go around and away on minimal fossil fuel, thus making the atmosphere cleaner. No more carbon dioxide, volatile compound emissions, just pure mobility.Health-wise, hybrid vans ensure this not only to the pedestrian but to the driver and passengers, too. Low emissions, smart air conditioners, streamlined aerodynamic designs, mobility balance, all these combine to ensure not only freedom of movement but freedom from harmful substances and unnecessary pressures of road travel. Gone are the days when one had to bear the fuel plumes overtaking the car's air conditioner, or stiff bucket seats that rub one's shoulders and back thin.The road travelers nowadays consider the vehicle their homes away from home. Manufacturers are looking at this need to create vehicles that are cozy and comfy, offering the luxuries of home, yet not forgetting the safety factors. Who would want to feel unsafe in one's home? With a hybrid van combining feature with facility, safety to the user and the pedestrian is ensured - where else can one get the best of both worlds? Go hybrid now!